9 times table hand trick

9 times table hand trick The 9 times table is a fundamental part of mathematics, and one that students are expected to memorize early on in their education. However, for many students, memorizing the times …

9 times table hand trick

The 9 times table is a fundamental part of mathematics, and one that students are expected to memorize early on in their education. However, for many students, memorizing the times tables can be a daunting and tedious task. As a result, teachers and parents are always on the lookout for new and engaging ways to help students learn and remember their times tables. One such method that has gained popularity in recent years is the “9 times table hand trick.” In this article, we will explore what this trick is, how it works, and its effectiveness in helping students learn the 9 times table.

So, what exactly is the 9 times table hand trick? It is a visual method of counting on your fingers to find the answer to any multiplication problem involving 9. The trick involves using your hands to represent the numbers 1 to 10 and then manipulating your fingers in a specific way to arrive at the correct answer. To understand this better, let us take a closer look at the steps involved in this trick.

Step 1: Hold out both your hands, palms facing you, with your fingers spread out.

Step 2: Identify the finger that represents the number you want to multiply by 9. For example, if you want to find out 9 x 4, you would use your fourth finger, which is the ring finger, to represent the number 4.

Step 3: Bend down the finger that represents the number you are multiplying by 9. In our example, you would bend down your fourth finger. This leaves you with three fingers on one side and six on the other.

Step 4: Count the number of fingers on the left side of the bent finger. In our example, there are three fingers on the left side of the bent finger.

Step 5: Count the number of fingers on the right side of the bent finger. In our example, there are six fingers on the right side of the bent finger.

Step 6: Put these two numbers together, and you have your answer. In our example, 9 x 4 = 36.

The beauty of this trick lies in its simplicity. It is easy to understand and can be used for any multiplication problem involving 9. For students who struggle with memorizing their times tables, this trick can be a lifesaver. It takes away the need to remember the answer and instead focuses on the concept of multiplication and number patterns.

But how effective is the 9 times table hand trick in helping students learn and remember the 9 times table? Several studies have been conducted to test the effectiveness of this trick, and the results have been overwhelmingly positive. One study published in the International Journal of Research and Reviews in Applied Sciences found that using the 9 times table hand trick improved students’ understanding and recall of the 9 times table significantly. The study also noted that students who used this trick showed a greater interest in learning and practicing their multiplication facts.

Another study conducted by researchers at Purdue University found that the 9 times table hand trick was particularly helpful for students with learning disabilities. These students struggle with memorization and often have a hard time recalling basic math facts. The researchers noted that the visual and kinesthetic nature of this trick made it easier for these students to understand and remember the 9 times table.

Apart from its effectiveness in helping students learn and remember the 9 times table, the hand trick also has several other benefits. For one, it is a fun and engaging way to learn multiplication. By involving the hands, it appeals to a different learning style and can be a refreshing change from traditional methods. It also encourages students to use their critical thinking skills as they figure out the steps involved in the trick. This can lead to a deeper understanding of multiplication concepts and improve overall math proficiency.

However, as with any learning tool, the 9 times table hand trick also has its limitations. Some critics argue that it only works for multiplication problems involving 9 and does not help students with other times tables. Others argue that it may not be applicable to all students and may not work for those who struggle with motor skills. Additionally, some teachers may find it challenging to incorporate this trick into their lesson plans, especially if they have limited time to cover the curriculum.

In conclusion, the 9 times table hand trick is a valuable tool for helping students learn and remember the 9 times table. Its effectiveness has been proven through various studies, and it has also been praised by teachers and parents for making multiplication more engaging and accessible. However, it should not be seen as a replacement for traditional methods of learning multiplication. Instead, it should be used as an additional tool to help students grasp the concept and develop a deeper understanding of multiplication. With the right guidance and practice, the 9 times table hand trick can be a valuable asset in a student’s math toolbox.

which hoverboard should i buy

Hoverboards, also known as self-balancing scooters, have become a popular mode of transportation in recent years. These futuristic-looking devices have captured the attention of people of all ages, from children to adults. With the market flooded with various options, choosing the right hoverboard can be a daunting task. So, if you are wondering which hoverboard you should buy, you have come to the right place. In this article, we will discuss the different aspects that you need to consider before making a purchase and help you make an informed decision.

1. Safety First:
Before delving into the technicalities, it is essential to prioritize safety when it comes to choosing a hoverboard. In the past, there have been reports of hoverboards catching fire due to faulty batteries. Therefore, it is crucial to buy a hoverboard from a reputable manufacturer that adheres to safety standards and regulations. Look for certifications like UL 2272, which ensures that the hoverboard’s electrical components have been tested and meet safety standards.

2. Check the Speed and Range:
The speed and range of a hoverboard are determining factors for its performance. The average speed of a hoverboard ranges from 6-10 miles per hour, but some high-end models can reach a maximum speed of 15 miles per hour. The range of a hoverboard refers to the distance it can cover on a single charge. Most hoverboards have a range of 10-15 miles, but some can go up to 20 miles on a single charge. Consider your daily commute and how fast you want to reach your destination before choosing a hoverboard with the appropriate speed and range.

3. Consider the Weight Limit:
Hoverboards have a weight limit that they can support. This limit ranges from 220-300 pounds, depending on the model. If you are on the heavier side, make sure to check the weight limit of the hoverboard before making a purchase. Exceeding the weight limit can affect the speed and performance of the hoverboard and even cause damage to its components.

4. Look for Portability:
One of the main reasons people prefer hoverboards over other modes of transportation is their portability. Most hoverboards are lightweight and can be easily carried around. However, some models come with additional features such as a built-in handle or the ability to fold, making them even more portable. If you plan on carrying your hoverboard around frequently, consider opting for a model with these features.

5. Battery Life:
Hoverboards are powered by rechargeable batteries, and their battery life can vary depending on the model. The average battery life of a hoverboard ranges from 1-3 hours, but it can be affected by factors like weight, terrain, and speed. Opt for a hoverboard with a longer battery life if you plan on using it for longer durations. Additionally, consider the charging time of the hoverboard as well. Some models can fully charge in 2-3 hours, while others may take up to 5 hours.

6. Terrain and Wheel Size:
Hoverboards are designed to be used on flat surfaces, but some models can handle various terrains like grass, gravel, and even hills. If you plan on using your hoverboard on different surfaces, make sure to check its capabilities beforehand. Moreover, the size of the wheels also plays a significant role in determining the hoverboard’s performance. Larger wheels provide better stability and can handle rougher terrains, while smaller wheels are more suitable for smooth surfaces.

7. Additional Features:
Apart from the basic features, some hoverboards come with additional features that can enhance your riding experience. These features include Bluetooth connectivity, LED lights, and a built-in speaker system. While these features may not affect the performance of the hoverboard, they can add a fun element to your ride. If you are someone who enjoys music while riding, look for a hoverboard with Bluetooth connectivity and a speaker system.

8. User-Friendly Controls:
Hoverboards are controlled by a combination of body movements and pressure on the footpads. Most models come with a learning mode that helps beginners get used to the controls. However, some models may have complicated controls that can be challenging to master. If you are a first-time user, look for a hoverboard with simple and user-friendly controls to avoid any accidents or injuries.

9. Budget:
Hoverboards are available in a wide price range, with some high-end models costing over $1000. While it is tempting to go for a cheaper option, compromising on quality and safety is never a good idea. Set a budget and look for hoverboards within that range that offer the features and performance you desire. Additionally, consider the warranty and after-sales service provided by the manufacturer to ensure that your investment is protected.

10. Read Reviews and Consider Recommendations:
Before making a purchase, it is always beneficial to read reviews and consider recommendations from friends or family who own a hoverboard. Reviews can give you an insight into the performance, durability, and overall experience of using a particular hoverboard. You can also ask for recommendations from people who have had a positive experience with a particular brand or model.

In conclusion, there is no one “perfect” hoverboard that suits everyone’s needs. The right hoverboard for you depends on your budget, usage, and personal preferences. However, by considering the factors mentioned above, you can narrow down your options and make a well-informed decision. Remember to prioritize safety and quality over price and opt for a hoverboard from a reputable brand. With the right hoverboard, you can experience a fun and convenient mode of transportation while turning heads wherever you go.

university data breach

In today’s digital age, data breaches have become a common occurrence, affecting businesses and organizations of all sizes. However, when a university falls victim to a data breach, the impact can be far-reaching and devastating. Universities are home to a vast amount of sensitive and personal information, making them an attractive target for hackers. The consequences of a university data breach can not only affect the institution itself but also its students, staff, and alumni. In this article, we will explore the causes, consequences, and prevention of university data breaches.

What is a University Data Breach?

A university data breach refers to the unauthorized access, retrieval, or exposure of sensitive data held by a university. This data can include personal information such as names, addresses, social security numbers, financial records, and academic transcripts. Universities also hold research data, intellectual property, and confidential information, making them a prime target for cybercriminals.

Causes of University Data Breaches

There are several reasons why universities are vulnerable to data breaches. One of the main reasons is the sheer amount of sensitive data they hold. Universities collect and store vast amounts of personal information from students, staff, and alumni. This includes social security numbers, financial aid records, medical records, and other sensitive information. Hackers can use this information for identity theft, financial fraud, or other malicious activities.

Another reason for the vulnerability of universities is their decentralized structure. Most universities have multiple departments, each with their own databases and systems. This decentralization makes it difficult to secure all the data in one place, leaving gaps that can be exploited by hackers.

Universities also have a diverse and often transient population. This means that there are constantly new students, staff, and faculty joining the university, and they all have access to the university’s systems and networks. This makes it challenging for universities to track and monitor who has access to sensitive data, making it easier for hackers to gain unauthorized access.

Consequences of University Data Breaches

The consequences of a university data breach can be severe and far-reaching. The most immediate impact is the loss of sensitive data. This can result in identity theft, financial fraud, and other cybercrimes for the affected individuals. In addition, universities may face legal consequences for failing to protect sensitive data, resulting in costly lawsuits and damage to their reputation.

A data breach can also have a significant financial impact on universities. The cost of investigating and mitigating the breach, as well as potential fines and legal fees, can be substantial. In addition, universities may lose funding or donations from concerned alumni, affecting their overall financial stability.

Perhaps the most significant impact of a university data breach is the loss of trust and confidence from students, staff, and alumni. Universities are responsible for protecting the personal information of their community, and a data breach can shatter this trust. This can result in a decline in enrollment, as prospective students may be hesitant to attend a university with a history of data breaches.

Prevention of University Data Breaches

Preventing data breaches is crucial for universities, not only to protect their own data but also to safeguard the personal information of their community. Here are some measures that universities can take to prevent data breaches.

1. Regular Security Assessments: Universities should conduct regular security assessments to identify vulnerabilities in their systems and networks. This can help them proactively address any weaknesses and prevent potential data breaches.

2. Strong Password Policies: Implementing strong password policies and enforcing regular password changes can help prevent unauthorized access to university systems and networks.

3. Encryption: Sensitive data should be encrypted both in storage and during transmission. This can make it challenging for hackers to access and decipher the data.

4. Employee Training: Universities should provide regular training to staff and faculty on data security best practices. This can help prevent human error, such as falling for phishing scams, which can lead to data breaches.

5. Network Segmentation: Segmenting networks can help limit access to sensitive data and prevent hackers from gaining access to the entire network in case of a breach.

6. Multi-Factor Authentication: Implementing multi-factor authentication can add an extra layer of security to university systems and networks. This can make it more challenging for hackers to gain access to sensitive data.

7. Regular Updates and Patches: Universities should ensure that all their systems and software are regularly updated with the latest security patches. This can help address any known vulnerabilities and prevent potential data breaches.

8. Data Encryption on Mobile Devices: With the increasing use of mobile devices, universities should ensure that sensitive data is encrypted on these devices as well. This can prevent data breaches in case a device is lost or stolen.

9. Data Minimization: Universities should only collect and store the minimum amount of data necessary to fulfill their obligations. This can help limit the amount of sensitive data that is at risk in case of a breach.

10. Incident Response Plan: Universities should have a well-developed incident response plan in place to handle data breaches effectively. This can help minimize the impact and reduce the time it takes to recover from a breach.


University data breaches can have severe consequences, affecting not only the institution but also its students, staff, and alumni. Preventing data breaches should be a top priority for universities, and implementing security measures such as regular assessments, strong password policies, and employee training can help reduce the risk of a breach. As technology continues to advance, universities must stay vigilant and adapt to new security threats to protect their sensitive data and maintain the trust of their community.

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